Perinatal loss is defined as the death of an infant due to miscarriage, stillbirth, and neonatal death.
Miscarriage as defined by the American Pregnancy Association is a pregnancy that ends within the first 20 weeks of gestation. Miscarriage is the most common type of pregnancy loss, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)
A stillbirth is the death of a baby before or during delivery. A stillbirth is usually defined as loss of a baby after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Stillbirth effects about 1% of all pregnancies, and each year 24,000 babies are stillborn in the United States.
SIDS is defined as the following:
"The sudden death of an infant under one year of age which remains unexplained after thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history".
There are about 4,000 sleep-related infant deaths that occur each year in the US.
"On October 25, 1988, the Pregnancy and Infant Loss Awareness Movement began in the United States when President Ronald Reagan designated the month of October 1988 as Pregnancy and Infant Loss Awareness Month.
In 2002, the October 15th Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day Campaign began as an American movement. Robyn Bear, Lisa Brown and Tammy Novak petitioned the federal government as well as the governors of each of the 50 states resulting in 20 signing proclamations recognizing October 15, 2002, as the first observance of Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day (PAILRD). As a further effect of the American campaign effort, Concurrent Resolution H.Con>RES.222 supporting the goals and ideals of National Pregnancy and Infant Loss Remembrance Day was passed in the House of Representatives on September 28, 2006.
All 50 states yearly proclaim the day with 8 states enacting permanent proclamations. These states are Arkansas, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, New York, Rhode Island, and South Dakota."
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